to Philip Emeagwali
Biafran refugees fleeing from Owerri, October 1968.
"I have seen things in
“For record purposes, however, let me state fearlessly that I saw hundreds of unarmed civilians being shot at sight in Benin City when Federal troops arrived to liberate the city from rebel [Biafran]soldiers....
There appeared to be a fleeting period of lunacy in which Midwesterners gladly identified their Igbo compatriots to be shot down by Federal [Nigerian] troops."
Amu, the former Solicitor-General of Midwestern Nigeria, Sunday Observer,
I was a year perhaps when my father left to fight in the war..just a baby yet I still feel the aftermath 34 years later because my father never returned...I class myself as a war victim and my soul is lost and will remain lost until the wonderful reunion between my father and me happens... whether here in this life or in heaven...Thank you for your work and pictures they were my first link to the reality...Maybe one on the photos of those brave soldiers going to war had my father in who knows.. god moves in mysterious ways....All i know is I am proud of my Nigerian heritage....God bless all those who died in the war may they rest in peace....
January 9, 2000
I am inspired by you.
I am a Nigerian, sort of. I was a two-year-old when my parents toted our family to the missionary field. Dad was a medical missionary, a surgeon who saved many lives. We moved 18 different times in six years. We finally left in 1967 when the war was in progress. I still remember that Dad had to put my play gun in the attic because he was afraid for my life.
That was 30 years ago. Will I ever return? Everyone tells me it is a very sad place. Everyone is poor except for the leaders. Tell me why has nothing ever changed there?
can tell you my heart is sad, too. I am a white woman that was once the
minority in my home country of
Anyway, I salute you.
Dear Philip Emeagwali:
I mistakenly came across your site that documents aspects of the Biafran War with the use of photographs.
I want to commend you for a job well done. I especially enjoyed going through
your remarkable photos, in spite of the fact that some of them recapture a gory
sadness that resulted from the War. However, and forgive me if I'm mistaken,
but I also noticed that you provide no meaningful reference to a notable figure
who stands as, perhaps, the hero, albeit unsung hero, of the War. As of 1959
I don't believe you deliberately excluded Major-General Efiong from your site, but I hope you can understand why I had no choice but to notice the fact of his conspicuous absence.
Thank you for your time and I wish you the best in your present and future intellectual pursuits.
(son of General Philip Effiong)
Dear Philip Effiong:
the circles I was in, Ndi Igbo praised General Effiong for the courage he
displayed at the end of the civil war. The information posted on my
Please visit me again.
BTW, what is the correct spelling "Effiong" or "Efiong?"
Thank you for your response to my mail and for your exceptional humility and sincerity. I am inclined to believe that you deserve the praises that have been bestowed on you. You have my permission to post my response on your page.
"Effiong" is actually an anglicized version of the name. My father still uses "Efiong." For the most part I use "Effiong" because most of my certificates have the name spelt that way. It is usually others--journalists, etc.--who spell the name with double "f." Members of the family generally spell the name with one "f." Since most writings, books, etc., have it spelt with double "f," you may actually stick to this spelling as people are more used to it. Thank you for your time and best wishes.
through your site and digesting all the information therein; your world had
been obviously influenced by the events of "1968
Dear Leo (I assume this is your name):
write in reference to a response you gave to my opinion on the Civil War, which
is pasted on Phillip Emeagwali's website. Although your response was written
I am particularly concerned about your statement, which reads:
"I wonder however if EffiongJr. feels unimportant in the annals of history as written by events, not by you I might add. His Father obviously shared his opinion I hopelessly would think, for that would be most unfortunate. One ought to remind EffiongJr. that only true cowards make surrendering speeches. Ojukwu could not have chosen a better person. God bless."
Although not very clear, I tried to make sense of your statement. Be advised that my intention is to enter into open, rational, and objective conversation, and not to deteriorate into a petty exchange based on sentiments and, in your case, nothing more than ethnic bias. If you must respond to me, make some effort to rise above emotional leanings. This should help to develop your mind. Now, to respond to more directly to your attack (because that’s what it was).
First, I do not feel "unimportant" about anything, and my essay makes no such indication. I am not seeking cheap attention but merely to address the truth, and I will continue to do so, regardless of what people like you say or think! My claim to importance is based on the things I have achieved in my life (thank God) and not a War. If I have to list what those achievements are, ask me. I am not ashamed to share them. I do not seek importance by way of any war, and I would appreciate it if you do not make such baseless suggestions that lack any substance to them.
Second, you would do well to stop imagining things and then writing them down. My opinions are mine, and mine alone. Your claim that my father obviously shares them is unfounded, annoying, insulting, and absolutely false. Please don’t accuse my father falsely. You don’t know anything about him or his opinions.
and this is the big one. You state, “only true cowards make surrendering
speeches.” This is true on some levels, but at the same time this is where you
most display your ignorance and small-mindedness. Surrendering can be an act of
cowardice, but it can also be heroic based on context. Within the context of
the Civil war, my father did what the people wanted him to do, simple! He
didn’t act in isolation. At the time, the War was virtually over but simply
needed an official stamp to confirm what was obvious. Have you ever done any
research on the War? Have you read any book about it? If you haven’t, you need
to. My dad did exactly what the people wanted and that is why in the past 33
years they (the Ibo people mainly) have honored and continue to honor him.
Locally he has been honored and internationally he has been honored. How many
cowards do you know that are honored so greatly and sincerely? I guess you
expected my dad to single-handedly pick up a gun (which was virtually
indicate, rather boldly and sarcastically, that your tribal hero, Ojukwu,
handpicked the best coward in my father. Wouldn’t it have been easier for this
hero to stay back and perform the “cowardly” act rather than run off to the
aware, and this is for your own good, that my father, like some of his other
contemporaries, had been honored before the War and beyond the context of the
War. My father served in the UN Peace Keeping Force in the
Wasn’t your father alive during the War? Wasn’t he a man? What role did he play, especially since it was his own people who were bearing the brunt of the Federal assault? Why didn’t he fight? Why didn’t he do the heroic things that you claim my father didn’t do?
I don’t blame you for insulting my father. It does say something about your upbringing. But, trust me, you really don’t count. Yours is a lonesome, ill-informed, nutty voice in some obscure desert where brains haven’t yet been invented. As I’ve stated, my father has been generously honored nationally and internationally, so you are really quite irrelevant and dispensable. Trust me. Nonetheless, can I request from you, whoever you are, not to insult my father again. He is almost 80 and need not be insulted by a bigot who hates to accept or deal with the truth. He has suffered enormously in his life-I know because I am his son-and so, if you have nothing good to say about him, as ungrateful as you are, then please don’t say anything about him.
If you plan to engage in meaningful, fact-based, unbiased, unsentimental, and non-insulting conversation, by all means respond to me. If not, please don’t respond to me. The last thing I want to do is sink down to your degenerate level of perception and thinking.
U. Effiong (
Though a dark, dreadful and eerie aspect of our history,
I could not but enjoy and appreciate looking through the pictoral presentation
of the Nigerian Civil War! When the war broke out in 1967, I was 13. I was
captivated by the vividness of trauma of war captured in those monumental
pictures. Interestingly, I was also musing over the conspicuous absence of
General Phillip Effiong's picture when I ran into the feedback provided by his
son, Dr. Phillip Effiong. I could not but agree with him that General Effiong's
role in Biafran struggle deserves a place in the annal of Nigerian history.
Please, go back to the archives. I am sure, there will be pictures of this
noble Nigerian that could best reflect his contribution to the definition of
what we call
I wish to add to what must already be a long string of commendations. Philip. All Biafrans (and that is not just Igbo people) owe you a tremendous debt for your personal achievements and your online archive of Biafran history. I also endorse the views of Philip Effiong jr. His father's General Philip Effiong's role in
I feel greatly fulfilled reading this part of the gory history of the Biafran state. Honestly, it is the very first time i'm doing that, and am so happy. I have always heard the phrase, 'on aburi we stand', but have hardly been able to make out the build up. Its also my first time visiting this site. I'll love to say, WELLDONE.
i have a thing to say, it is that those principles on which Ojukwu stood in
1966, has remained the crux of todays quest for national reconstruction. What i
tend to believe is, perhaps, given the tension in the country at that time, the
military would be unable to provide a fruitful solution to the crisis. But, we should
be asking ourselves, what lessons have we learned from that whole experience?
the answer is not far-fetched; 'we have learned nothing'. The crisis that have
must be placed on record that no economy or society anywhere in the world is
developed by foriegners.
A Walking Encyclopaedia
Dear Dr. Emeagwali,
I went through your site and came across the webpage that carried pictures and news articles on Biafra/Nigeria civil war. It was quite revealing as it was educative.
I am amazed that an individual like you could be an embodiment of a mass of knowledge - a walking encyclopaedia. You are a blessing to the black race and a gift to humanity. Keep up your good works and God bless you.
I am really symphatizing with Biafran
Happy new year! How's everything I hope is well in Jesus name Amen.
I pray that nothing would happen in
you so much.
Alamba D. Dung.
NB: My regard to all Nigerians and I'll always keep in touch. I am just 22yrs old now.
I just read an interesting account of the Biafran struggle above your web address.
is tragic that
Stage Adaptation of the Biafran War
have just finished an adaptation of the french revolution, and visited your
site on the biafran war. l want do a stage adaptation of the biafran civil war
which i intend to take around the Eastern part of
ogucharles @ yahoo.com
l have written before on the above, looking for institutional link up in realizing the Biafran experience on the stage to relive the experience for majority of the people who didnt witness it. Dr. Stanley Macebuh of the Nigerian Presidency delivered an alumni lecture at lbadan university in that regards. That has actually fired my interest again. Please reply to confirm whether you got my mail.
Congratulatory Message as one of the Biafran Scientist
To our Lovely Brother, Philip Emeagwali,
Congratulations to you as one of the greatest Biafran Scientist as of today; God bless you and your family in general AMen. Sir, since the formal president of America Bill Clinton came to Nigeria during his time, through his speeches that he Clinton made us to know that there is a Biafra Scientist like you, since then i have been thinking of how to reach you. But i thank God that as of today i have totally reach you through our e-mail address.
Sir our scientist i welcomed you. First of all i will not fail to introduce my
name as Pastor Williams Okafor from
before April runs out my introduction must totally change as Williams from
United State of Biafra (U.S.B) I am a member of (MASSOB)and here we do hear
about our Biafran's Brother leaving Overseas; how they are supporting the
movement both financial expert of it. God bless you all Amen. Please Sir, there
is important thing i need all Biafrans Scientist to do as of now as we are
waiting to hear from U.N. for the annocement of our new birth
Sir, there is one thing i need to share from you. I believe you can do a favour for me. As of now i have a computer and also intercellular phone wireless phone how can i use the intercellular phone with the computer to get connected to the Internet without running on a Mast or via V-SAT because here in Nigeria, it is only the rich people that set internet office with Mast or V-SAT. Why i am asking this question is that, the company that sold the Intercelullar phone to me told me that i can be able to have access to the Internet through the phone using a set of computer but spending about some thousand for the phone with hope that through it internet will be connected there. At last nobody can feed me how to connect intercellular phone with set of computer to get internet message.
why i am interested in asking you these question is that you are the Father of
Internet, Bill Gate of
Sir i lovely enjoy your interview in one of our Weekend News, I so pick interest on you because you are one of my Biafran man. Please, Sir help me to get solution to my problem which i complain to you, May the almighty God bless you. Amen, Looking forward for your reply.
Long-Live Chukwura Emeagwali!
Long-Live United State of
deumudike @ yahoo.com
Dear Mr Chukwura Emeagwali,
I bought the week end news paper and came across a column which read ''BIAFRAN SCIENTIST SHAKES THE WORLD'' after reading this column,I felt elated being a Nigerian and knowing that i have a Nigerian brother that has made a land mark achievement by designing the internet,makes me a proud Nigerian, irrespective of what the world termed Nigeria
name is Momodu Oshiokpekhai Emmanuel.... [stuff deleted]
have tried by puting your experence of that horrible period the igbos went
through into history by recording it on your web site. Now one can go through
it all but what I regrate very much is the inability of
keep it up
Biafran War Film Footage
Dear Dr. Brown and/or colleagues,
am a film researcher working on an upcoming documentary about
you were not there, I spoke with your boss, a very helpful gentleman from
I found the website very moving and insightful. Please convey my thanks to all involved.
visitliz @ hotmail.com
General Phillip Effiong and the Biafran War
This piece is in response to the comments by Phillip Effiong, Jr. I agree with him that his father (General Phillip Effiong) was a hero of the Biafran war. However, I think he contradicts himself somewhat when in one breath he laments that General Effiong "remains largely unacknowledged, even spurned", and in another he admits that Igbos "have honored and continue to honor him. Locally he has been honored and internationally he has been honored". If the latter has been the case, what then is he complaining of?
I think Phillip needs to understand that marginalization and disdain have been the fate of all the other "Biafran" actors who distinguished themselves in the war, including the heroic field commanders and the ingenious inventors. The Nigerian state still habors an aversion to these people, except for a few lucky civilians like MT Mbu who have been fully reabsorbed into Nigeria's political economy. For obvious reasons, even Igbos despite their admiration of the Biafran heroes have not found the political courage to honor or immortalize them - no streets, no monuments, no institutions have been named after any of them in any Igbo town or city. The best effort so far was the controversial pan-Igbo honorary chieftaincy title bestowed on Emeka Odimegwu Ojukwu on his return from exile in the early 1980s. So, if General Effiong has been unacknowledged and spurned, he is not alone in that situation.
might also add that the General was a victim of unflattering circumstances that
were not his making, but which overshadowed his legitimate claim to heroism in
the war. The first was that he was effectively
By the way, I think Philip's lengthy reaction to Leo's rash comment on General Effiong was unnecessary, and the petty and abusive manner he chose put him in the same category as Leo, and may have done more damage to his dad's reputation. My impression of General Phillip Effiong is that of a fine gentleman who would not blow his own trumpet in search of honor. Unfortunately, the evidences Phillip chose to cite to establish his dad's heroism (service in a UN peacekeeping force, life threatening situation in Kaduna, signing Biafra's instrument of surrender, postwar detention by the Federal Government, and unemployment since after the war) hardly come across as extraordinary acts of heroism for any solder, much less for a war time General.
I did sense some bitterness against Ojukwu and Igbos in Phillip's response to Leo. I am not surprised because having lived in Nigeria since after the war and studied the pattern of political alliances among its peoples, I know that the sentiments that ran through his comments reflect the mindset of a vast majority of the non-Igbo speaking Easterners. I am disturbed only because Phillip sounded like he is very close to his dad, and one would naturally suspect that his views on Ojukwu, the Biafran project and Igbos have benefited from privileged discussions with the General. I hope this is not the case.
I am glad to note, however, that General Effiong his still living. I think the world would like to know his views in retrospect. So much has been written and said about the war by people on both sides, a lot of which is either self-serving, revisionist or full of myths and legends. Thankfully Emeagwali's efforts, though quite limited in scope, is insightful especially because of its verbatim transcription of the Aburi deliberations (from the very horses' mouths) which is key to understanding the root causes of the war. General Effiong's reticence about the war has not been helpful. I believe he and others in the inner caucus of the Biafran side (all of whom have been much maligned) owe it to themselves, to the entire victims of the war and to history to write honest memoirs explaining the circumstances and facts that made the war imperative, that sustained the war effort for three long years, and that led to the eventual vanquish of Biafra. Ojukwu's 'Because I Am Involved' does not seem to satisfy this need, and I hope he will fulfill his promise of a much more detailed book. With most of the Biafran actors already over 70 years, time is running out on them and they will have to work extra hard to discharge this vital responsibility. I think Phillip should prevail on his dad on this issue, rather than blame Emeagwali and other secondary sources for neglicting the good old General in their commendable, albeit much constrained, efforts at telling the story of the war.
I believe it is important for us Nigerians to continue to discuss the Biafran project and subsequent war in an objective manner. It is a major landmark of our national history beneath which is buried much insight into and maybe solutions to the problems that stiffle our aspiration for nationhood and development.
My views on the Emeagwali site
I write in reference to opinions I expressed on this site regarding my father, Obong Philip Efiong, and his role in the Nigerian-Biafran War. My initial views were sent directly to the owner of this site, Mr. Emeagwali, who, with my permission, decided to paste them on his site. They were not intended as an expression of hatred or as an attack on any group of people, just as the criticism of Nazi Germany does not necessarily imply hatred for all Germans. They were also not intended to stir up ethnic sentiments and biases.
Subsequently, there have been a number of responses to my views, most of which have been kind and diplomatic, but some of which have been critically vicious, confrontational, and ethnically charged. The results have been a series of exchanges, a number of which I now consider unhealthy, misleading, and quite irrelevant to intellectual or social growth. As such, I have requested that the views I initially expressed be deleted from this site.
I will admit that as Obong Efiong’s son my views and reactions were sometimes laced with emotions that one should expect of a son who has witnessed his father go through untold hardships. In other words, I have sometimes overreacted. Overreacting in this way has resulted in my occasional use of a rhetoric that has been impertinent and belligerent. I regret where I have used words in this manner, especially in my communication with people like Mr. Ugorji and Leo, and would like to express my unconditional apologies to them.
I hold nothing against anyone or any group of people and, under the circumstances, would express the same views if Chief Ojukwu were a Yoruba man or a Ghanaian. I especially hold nothing against the Ibos who I have fervently spoken for on such issues as the Abandoned Property controversy. I have also unequivocally defended their right to peacefully settle and set up commercial ventures in any part of the country without hindrance. Above all, I am part Ibo and married to an Ibo woman.
Most importantly, my father, who is almost 80, is still alive and continues to remain healthy. He also continues to receive tremendous support from people of all backgrounds and from various regions of the world. It would, however, be delusional of me to expect 100% support for him. After all, even Jesus the Christ (for Christians) was crucified by the people that one would have least expected to carry out the act.
In the end, I will stand by the truth and hope that the rest of us also put aside our personal idiosyncrasies and stand by the truth too. This way, the truth will prevail, as it certainly should.
Hi Phillip [Effiong],
I have just read the three mails you sent to me. Your third mail has overtaken whatever comments I would have liked to make in response to the first two, and I am glad that I read all three at the same time. Your withdrawal of the first two letters has been noted and your apologies are accepted.
Nevertheless, I would like to state that my comments on the subject were objective, well-intentioned and non-insulting as a second, less impassioned reading would reveal. I still believe that the only way we can heal the emotional and psychological injuries inflicted by the civil war (which we tend to ignore or deny) would be to engage in objective and tolerant discussion of the issues. This is also necessary if we are to avoid the mistakes of the past.
am not an ethnic bigot; and my upbringing, education and exposure have
guaranteed that I cannot become one. Incidentally, we both share something in
common: my wife is Ibibio and I am a full-blooded Igbo. I am very attached to
my parents-in-law, and I spent the weekend before last Easter at Nnung Udoe, as
I always do when the opportunity arises. So you see, I have a vested interest
in promoting understanding and reconciliation among the different peoples of
the former South Eastern Region, who because of disunity and recriminations
arising mostly from the Biafran project have become a popular prey in
You strike me as one from whom I can learn some things about the civil war, because of your privileged position as the son of one of its key actors. Maybe, in spite of everything, we can both find a basis for sustained interaction on the issue. I would be glad if you would accept this hand of fellowship.
Thanks and regards.
Rejoinder to Philip Effiong, jr
Dear Philip Emeagwali,
I bomped into your web archive on the BIafran-Nigerian war today for the first time. It is quite interesting and provides a lot information. I could not but be caught by a sudden upsurge of emotions. The fact is that I was born during this war and seeing those pictures (especially that of an emaciated mother with her baby) gives me an idea of what I must have looked like during that sad period.
also read with interest the observation sent in by Philip Effiong, Jr. I
totally agree with him that Major Gen Philip Effiong deserves a place in the
I further read with a greater interest (and may be, some sense of amusement) the exchange between Effiong Jr and Leo. I think both of them got a little bit emotional in their exchange. But who will blame the younger Effiong for getting emotional, after such an unwarranted attack and provocation by Leo? I would like to remind Leo that the mark of an educated mind is the ability to face facts and data, and to rise above personal (or tribal - clanish) sentiments.
at the same, I would like to make a final comment. This is with regard to a
statement by Effiong Jr. In his observation he said: "At no point, after
all, has a majority ethnic group accepted the leadership of of a minority man
or woman, except toward the end of the War when General Ojukwu took his
cowardly flight and left General Efiong to clean up his mess." Effiong Jr.
got it wrong here, because from the very inception of the Biafran as
independent nation the elder Effiong was the second in command, and that fact
is not contested, it was actually accepted and accords with the principles that
governed Ojukwu's administration of the Eastern Region, even before the
declaration of Biafra, namely participation of every ethnic group within the
region, in governance. Secondly, I would disagree with Effiong Jr that Ojukwu's
flight into exile is to be termed "cowardly". I should think the flight
a leader of warring people at time when their military strength has been
completely weakened is necessary in order that a peaceful negotiation for
surrender may take place, because as long he is there he remains a prime target
for the enemy army, and his presence symbolizes the continued struggle. I
should think the leaders and advisers on the Biafran part realized this when
advised Ojukwu to leave and then asked his secund in command to announce
surrender. Gen Effiong was very brave indeed and couragiuos. He did not fail
his people. He rose up to what was expected of him as the second in command, in
the absence of the Head of State, and he did it gallantly, just as he did had
always gallantly served both before and during the war, in his other
assignments. But Ojukwu was no less couragious. It requires a couragious leader
to realise that the "game is over". Think of ojukwu's words on
would once more want to thank you, Philip Effiong Jr, for raising these issues,
and I think those issues should be brought to the attention of the wider
Nigerian public. A true democracy cannot be said to exist in
Fr. Emeka Okite,
Rev Fr Emeka Okite,
Thank you for the web site that presented so much information on the Nigerian/Biafran situation. I was a teacher near
shermco @ earthlink.net
Hi dr Donita.
me introduce to you. My name is Mario Aydar. I am a musician. I live in
I am not part of the scientific community, so that was the first time I've heard about him and I got really impressed. I started reading his notes about the civil war, saw the sad pictures and red his biography. What a nice guy. I don't know why am I writing. Maybe because I felt so happy to know that the people from the place that somehow in the past used to be my name where fighting and showing us how to do it. That really moved me.
Sorry for my bad English, say hi to Philip and THANKS.
am always very glad to visit this site. While the civil war was a tragic event
for the nation called
I must let you know that your site has cleverly failed to educate other
Nigerians that some Western Nigerians fought on behalf of the Biafrans.
Additionally, Lots of westerners were forced to join the federal army that
fought in the east. I personally witnessed Westerners being rounded up in
know for a fact that that if the Biafrans had not gotten to
Why did you not mention the role that Banjo and other westerners played on the Biafran side ?
Why did not educate young Igbos and other Nigerians about what happened to people like Soyinka during the war? I am sure that that the bitterness that some of us westerners experienced from our fellow Eastern Nigerians in the USA who wrongly believed that the west betrayed them will not disappear, but surely providing some data as to the contribution of other ethnic groups within Nigeria may assist some in understanding that the war was a tragic event in the history of our nation I want to let you know that I supervised an Ibo man who almost cost me my job because of his ignorance and bitterness because I am a western Nigerian. But God is good, I also gained a good friend from the east who was not as myopic as he was during the same period. I have been reading and researching the war to gain better insight to his madness because of my experience. I hope other Nigerians will never cross a bitter individual such as this man.
is my hope that Nigerians at home and abroad will eventually recognize that we
are proud people with long history of peaceful co-existence. We have the facts
and history on our side. We are the chosen ones destined to lead
you are a gem that all Nigerians should cherish. You are one of those few
Nigerians that in the
represent a large number of emotionally-scarred survivors and that is
immeasurably appreciated by we, the post-war Biafrans who long for truthful
documentation of these events. Driving by the veterans on the
As my dad who was a surgeon throughout the war refuses to even hear mention of the war, your poignant insight has been of great help. Simultaneously, your accomplishments as a scientist leave me in awe and give me great hope for us black people who in a wider perspective, have struggled so hard and so long. I hope you can instill the same level of hope in younger, less-educated blacks to go the way of science, and not money!
With deep respect,
Ifeanyi Ikechebelu Udekwu
Department of Microbiology
Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology
Biomedical Center Box 596
September 20, 2003
Thanks a million for promoting the Biafran cause. We, Ndigbo, are really grateful, and your name has been written in gold in our hearts.
Hello Phillip Emeagwali,
good brother, the reason i am sending you this email is to let you know that
there is work for you to do, which i think you have not been doing, but before
telling you the work i will thank God for what He has been doing in your life. We
igbos in nigeria is proud of you ,many of us started to hear about you when the
former american president visited nigeria ie Clinton, he talked good of you and
say that you are the father of internet phillip i read one of the nigerians
weekly magazine which i granted an interview which you said how you and your
parent suffared during nigerian biafran war but thank God that you survived the
war but should know that over two million igbos lost their live during the war
and the injustice that coursed the war has double as of today, if you have
visited igbo land for the past fifteen years you will see what am telling you
how the nigerian government has been punishing the igbos. My brother, the work
which i said you have not been doing is to help igbos to get freedom from
I myself that is writting to you is a member of movement for actualisation of soverign state of biafra (masob). My name is Simeon Njoku,
God bless you
nne m kedu ka i di? It has been a long time we've not heard from each other. I
mail Donita to inform you of my times in
Philip, you'r my good brother in
As we are in the struggle for actualisation,we are not sponsored rather we use our purse and I'll like to be the best in my business so that I can make money to help in financing the movement.
Remain blessed Ezinwa nne m.
Kedu ka imelu?
ina anu ugbua bu olu si ebe di anya ma dikwa nso wee na-abialu gi. Obukwa olu
mchoputara na obu nwa-afo
onwero ka ohamu n’onu kamana nkwa mna-ekwegi bu na agam na etinyekwagi na
ijeoma nnwagi na ekpere, na etinyekwa na ekpele ka umu
Philip nwannem, gaba n’iru na ejim gi eme onu na Naijiria
acho inu olu gi
I got through your site and felt proud to associate with you as an IGBO man. Please, how possible could you use this site to champion the course of the IGBOS in general; especially the young generation children of Igbos whom mostly have taken to artisan trades due to parental incapability financially, to fund them through high schools.
We can still make something good from those children that have forgotten the path to light in education, and choose to trade especially since after the civil war of late 60s. Which I am one of them . The phobia still trails us.
can you introduce a kind of science oriented programes in the south easthern
More Grease to your kneels. You are almost there!
Fellow compatriots of
Good day, nno!
I am a delighted son of Biafra born of Imo State Origin(Ohuba, Ubomiri in mbaitoli Local Govt Imo), I have been reading through your various publications in the web and others means of communication, and as a man of intellectual sense of humor and a responsible Igbo son, I am to a very high degree fascinated by these publications, so thats why i decided to inquire.
I have for donkey years reading and visiting our beloved web site www.biafraland.com and most other sites and most time when I go through these pages, i hate my self for being not able to contribute in the actualization of this freedom, but to God be the glory that I can pray for this dream to come true, and He gave us people like you and most other illustrious sons of Igbo.
I wish to solicit you for your tremendous and stupendous endeavors just to make sure that this marginalized and victimized tribe of our forefathers and our off springs, lives in a land where they would never be judged by their tribe or language but by their individual achievements, so with due respect and humble pleasure, I show my Support solidly behind you..................and I say MORE GREASE TO YOUR ELBOWS.
I am also delighted to tell you that as my humble self is in support of you, so is it to every thing that breathes as far as he/she is of Igbo origin...in a nutshell, WE ARE SOLIDLY BEHIND YOU. As for me now, what ever it would take just to see that my mother land gains absolute freedom, believe you me, i would do it! that is why i decided to contact you and to show my enormous appreciation and recognition to your most impact making efforts......don't forget to extend my most humble greetings and cheers to my Rel gems like Chief Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu and Chief Barr. Uwazuruike and any other lover of Good things or any other person who has contributed in one way or the other in this fight for freedom......say well done to each and every one of them.....tell them that another lover of freedom has written you again.......we love and pray for all you over there.
Haven will be our limit if they and every other son of our mother land Will continue like this.
Recently, I met a publication that we needs about one million Biafrans to write to the British high Commision telling them to come and disammalgamate what they amalgamated in 1914, so i wish to know more facts and then thier Email Address so as to forward my own request.Considering the most recent killing of MASSOB men I hereby if you desire declare myself humbly as a member of this non violent organization, let them continue in killing innocent and eligible children of God, as for me I fear no evil! My advice to any body who attended the Ist post war int'l conference at Mary land Usa to stay there for now, cos the tenants of Aso rock are deliberating on daily bases and are plannig to exterminate this goal of freedom actualization by pehaps killing some prominent interlects of our motherland.
all ye son/daughters/mothers/fathers of
When the lord of Host shall start to show himself in our case, I tell you, mountains shall be shaken, heads will roll, even the captives of the almighty shall be taken away! its our time!
Hope to read from you soon. udo na onuu nke onye we anyi diri unu nile ndi ihe oma na adi mma.
bum Nwanne gi na oso ahu make inwenta n'tozuoke na ala Nna anyi bu
for such painful but wonderful memories.
many precious lives were wasted---their potentials never to be realized. Such
is the fate that every war deals mankind! However, as an old philosopher once
stated, "out of chaos" always comes some order. Mindful of this fact,
I always thank God, whenever I visit home, for having blessed us with a great
nation full of rich and diverse resources. Some order will come to
believe that brighter days await
Attorney at Law
Response to Clem Ugorji’s Essay:
“General Phillip Effiong and the Biafran War”
It is extremely unfortunate that this guy, Clem Ugorji, would spew such an unwarranted and quite an annoying attack on Philip Effiong Jr. First of all, why does Ugorji stand up for Leo? He sounds like an aggrieved lover defending his girlfriend. If Philip made some kind of assault on Leo (who actually cast the first stone), then why can’t Leo defend himself? Philip made no attack against Ugorji. However, Ugorji, who is clearly blinded by his Ibo sentiments and chauvinism, has chosen to defend his “girlfriend” and launch such an insulting attack against one whom he should ordinarily hold in high esteem.
To make things even worse and shallow, Ugorji attacks Philip’s father (General Effiong) in the process. His assumption that somehow General Effiong has fed Philip, his son, with the views he expresses is unproven and therefore unworthy of this type of discourse. Without any proof, he shouldn’t make such an assumption and subsequently insult General Effiong. He also insults General Effiong by stating that all his involvements in war situations do not add up to heroism? Has Ugorji ever been directly involved in war? What does he know about war? Nothing evidently, otherwise he wouldn’t make such bold and brainless comments. I would like to know what role his father or any member of his family played during the war. None apparently. And yet such cowards are the ones to audaciously refer to others as cowards.
I also don’t see anywhere in Philip’s comments where he demonstrates hatred of any sort for Ibos. And yet, again, this Ugorji guy accuses him of holding something against Ibos.
Whether we Ibos like it or not, our leader, General Ojukwu, was not with us when we most needed him. We must therefore be grateful for those who put their lives on the line for our sake, rather than insult them like Ugorji does. We hold certain people sacred and would not speak against them, at least not publicly. Thus, even though general Ojukwu left with his entire family after urging the people to fight, we don’t speak against him publicly. He had, after all, promised us that the “grasses” would fight if all else fails. He apparently didn’t believe in this philosophy when he saw the need to leave. We would also not speak against Dr. Azikiwe even though he changed sides in the middle of the war. If we, and the likes of Ugorji, would not speak against such figures, no matter what, then why would we speak against General Effiong and put him down? Clearly, then, Ugorji’s motivation is ethnic bias and nothing else.
anyone likes it or not, General Effiong and those that were with him before
Shame on you, Ugorji. Your ingratitude and arrogance is, sadly, unbelievable. If you still have any iota of dignity in you, you should remove your miserable essay from this site. I see that Philip actually apologised to you. For what? He owes you absolutely no apologies. You should be apologising to him and, especially, his father. That he chose to apologise and avoid such uncouth exchanges shows him to be a man with class and dignity, qualities that you lack woefully.
I think it is only appropriate that I apologise to Philip for your comments. I also want him to understand that most Ibos hold his father and family in high esteem. In other words, the likes of Ugorji and Leo do not represent the majority of us.
In the end, and in a seriously failed attempt at sounding intelligent, Ugorji’s attack is little more than a great pile of perfumed garbage. It is also a cowardly attempt at seeking cheep attention.
I would have sent this response to Ugorji if I had his address. However, in the spirit of fairness I request that this rejoinder be posted on the Emeagwali site, just like Ugorji’s.
ihumanze @ yahoo.com
have studied most of the books written about
The affairs that led to the civil war would have happened whether Ifeajuna messed up his aspects of that coup or not. Why? The north had wanted some opportunity to kill Igbos no matter what. Soyinka however showed in "The Man Died" that the killings could have been reduced drastically by the government but they chose not to. This was because where they wanted to they stopped the murderers. Of course since that era, Igbos have been killed in the north for trivial reasons. An example is the Miss World palava. Not only Igbos though. All southerners especially christians are game when the north wants. These killings are used as a tool for political coercion.
But the war could have been avoided. The problem however is that Igbos lack leaders who understand strategy. It is all about effervesence, bloated egos and empty bigmanism (Chinamanda Adichie). From Zik to Orji Kalu it is the same. Igbos are not hindered by unwieldly mores (except the nonsense Osu and also the male diokpa inheritance trash), are mobile, physically and intellectually well endowed, ambitious etc. but the weak spot is leadership, role modelling etc. The secession should have happened five years after or not at all. But the leaders could have negotiated all kinds of concessions that would still be operational now. I don't want to give any examples, an observant person will pick examples from contemporary international/Nigerian politics.
Well done Philip Emeagwali. A nation that butchers its own people cannot become great. A people who look the other way when a part is butchered will suffer. People who kill others to make a point will always be dregs. So sad, so much waste.
Dear mr Philip emegwali
Its really a thing of joy and creation worthy of recognition that a biafran scientist will ever creat such an imprinting accord 2 another global history, even at the modern edge of obsolete challenge 2 white people who are regarded as the super creature. So it was in the commemorating landmark of a mathematician stellar chike obi, who excelled the briafran name and marked the feast of his time
I am overjoyed to read about your daily growth and creativity in the field of computer/electronics, after having read about your marvellous feast in the vanguard of 95/96 respectively.
Well, having built a political and skilful development in the field computer and electronics, do not forsake your country especially the land of biafra where your biological formation started while your assignment abroad is periodic do not forget that biafra is a new and in advanced in the field of technological development and therefore, your knowledge in the computer field will be of a great yardstick to resuscitate the country of biafra.
I am a biafran of the super heritage who wish for guidance to facilitate another biafran feast.
Uzomah t. Peters. ----------------------
name is chuks .I am a medical doctor in the
A YOUNG LADY FROM ULI IN IHIALA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF
IS THE FIRST TIME I' VE GONE THROUGH THE WEB SITE OF OUR GREAT COUNTRY "
I KNOWN SOMETHINGS I DID KNOW ABOUT CHIEF PHILIP EMEGWALI. I HAVE ALSO SEEN PICTURES OF HOW MY COUNTRY PEOPLE SUFFERED IN WAR THAT BROKED OUT IN THE '6Os.
PRAY THAT THE GOOD LORD KEEP YOU MOVING AND ONE DAY THE DREAM OF ACTUALINSING
mmadu ejim ezigbo oge were na asigi ma jisie ike na olugi nke ukwuu imego ka
From: "Gabriel Jiabana" email@example.com
Thanks Philip (more grease to you)
I read the Biafran story and never thought that such a web site do exist. Thanks for bringing to light the events that actually took place during the civil war. I am still very proud that I am an Ibo man.
My dream is to shake Gen. Ojukwu's hand and thank him for his love for Igbo people.
My Mother came from Mba family from
Thanks again, your website makes me proud.
Gabriel Jiabana (
From: Gregory Echewodo <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Happy Xmas and New Year.
I was more than happy to receiving your mail after a
long peroid of time contacting you.
As you told me to visit your web site again, I went
into your web site and saw 22 MASSOB Activists docked,
I am a member of MASSOB and I escaped this narrow trap
because I was caught the day we went to seeing the
Vectrans of the civil war. At Orji river I was
arrested and release when soilders of the New Biafra
It is unfortunate we do not have suponsors to helping
us do some certain things that suppose be done to
aviod all this arrest.
In my ward, Nwannem, I am regrouping them to face the
challenge by nest year. Either Onye Igbo achaa
I do not know your say over this movement, whether you
support it or you are against such movement.
I will like to having any little support from you nif
you are for anytime from this date.
I and my ward can get these people bailed if we have
money to have an activist lawyer.
Remain blessed in the Lord, and remember your brothers
over here for the freedom of our people.
Subject: Research project
Dear Dr. Brown;
name is Donald D Black and I live in
have collected as much information as has been available on the internet as
well as purchased books which chronically detail the activities of these small
aircraft. I also have a neighbor friend that flew large relief aircraft
I am wondering, that if by some stroke of luck, that your archives may reveal some information useful to me, such as photographs of the aircraft, their pilots, and particularly technical details of the aircraft that I may not already have.
My project is the "Biafra Baby" 905BB seen in sketches on the internet and also in the Time-Life book "Soldiers of Fortune".
Possibly you can refer me to someone familiar with the activities of von Rosens group.
thank you for your valuable time,
Donald D, Black
From: Aniekwe Maxwell
I was 3-months old when it started,& 3+ years when it ended-I mean the WAR,that WAR.You were older,peharps luckier-I nearly died in my mother's arm while she was fleeing from the federal troops with the rest of the family;"see my child has turned red,he has changed colour,he is going to die" exclaimed my dear mother-with sorrowful tears.Encouraged by an uncle,they continued the flight.I am still alive today,but have no country of birth-no not Nigeria,where is Biafra! dear Philip, where is our mother country.
I only heard of you sometime in the year 2004 from a not-very-llitrate Biafran-who was only boisterously claiming that you are an Igbo man and could not remember your name nor give further details about you.Subsequently,searching the internet-hungry of the news about Biafra,you were revealed to me.
I am overjoied,and thank GOD for your life,and that of many other great individuals of Biafran origin.
In my own opinion,while we-Biafrans are still alive,the great Biafran nation lives-on,it is only the eyes of those who are afraid of Biafra and that of those of the international community,still refuse to see and recognise her!The selfish voices of the powers that rule the international community continue to claim that they do not want further conflicts in Africa.In the case of Biafra,sitting down on issues concerning her recognition,the intl. comm. is covering a poweful time bomb with a bare human hand.
The question I want to ask(to whoever),are Biafrans home and abroard really making every effort to present a united front in this drive to restore their home country.Have we learnt the international politics or are we still displaying our bravity and inteligence in utter naivity-hoping that the intl,comm, will come to our aid?
Emeagwali's tribe are in serious bondage in
Right now, Ralph Uwazuruike, who is fighting for self determination for Biafran as a sovereign state(through peaceful means) has been kidnapped by the Nigerian government. There are already fears that the government intends to murder him as one of those who kidnapped him was said to have a syringe fall from his pocket in the scuffle for his abduction.
We are calling on people of good will to step in on this to see that the Nigerian government does not murder him.
Already we hear that the Nigerin government has contacted Emeagwali to be part of their Space research project and we are using this medium to emplore him not to be part of it. For there can be nothing in it for him or his people, rather, when it becomes successful, it would be a veritable instrument of operation against his people.
Thanks Emma Maduabuchi.
it was out of chaos and war that Zik found his mission, his raison d’être. As
an Ibo who understood the basic philosophy and objective of secession, his
immediate inclination was to support the action of the head of the Eastern
Region and now leader of
support was manifest through an extensive but very low key tour of European and
African capitals to win recognition, support and aid for the new nation,
appealed for the intercession of the Organization of African Unity, the United
Nations and the
was privileged to be at Rhodes House,
fighting that savaged
of all, through the persistent urging and nagging of his many friends,
including me, he completed a work long in progress, his autobiography,
published in 1970 in London and New York, entitled MY ODYSSEY. Sadly, it was
never updated, so much of Zik’s later years are somewhat clouded. I do know
that he found much satisfaction in his appointment on
Subject: A present - A Biafran Odyssey book
17 May 2005
I am writing from
I recently published a book tittled "A Biafran Odyssey," which I would like you to read. I am aware of the time restrictions a man like you must have to deal with day to day, but I was so sure this is a book you, your wife or any other members of your family would enjoy reading, I could not resist the urge to offer you a copy. As soon as I get your go ahead, I'll dispatch one to you. By the way, your critique would be highly appreciated! Meanwhile, stay blessed with your entire family.
"I want to see no Red Cross, no Caritas, no World Council of Churches, no Pope, no missionary and no UN delegation.
want to prevent even one Ibo from having even one piece to eat before their
capitulation. We shoot at everything that moves and when our troops march into
the centre of Ibo territory, we shoot at everything even at things that do not
Benjamin Adekunle, a.k.a. "Black Scorpion," Commander, 3rd Marine Commando Division, Nigerian Army.
Divine Cup of Wrath
According to Chinua Achebe,
“Udeozo’s poetry comes to us hot from the foundry of his restless imagination.
He is a natural poet ready to take on any subject that touches his people.
We shall hear of him more and more in the years ahead.”
Divine Cup of Wrath is excerpted from Cyclone - an anthology of poems
shortlisted for the 2005 Nigeria LNG literature prize.
outside the compass of trade routes:
map the passage rites
of pilgrims whose luggage
in the fever of flight…
… roaring afternoons
snatch unwilling folks
beyond mortality’s curve
bullets pluck persons
from the bulrushes
for the elephants’ feast;
and our elders
bargain with death
in loud hunger-propelled night songs
Mozart and his loyal wife
dancing away the cruel winter…
we have indeed drunk
the Divine cup of wrath
promised our ancestors
the Jewish Holocaust
is the same kolanut
offered our blindness.
and the Bible said:
“I swear by myself; declares the LORD,
that Bozrah will become a ruin and an
object of horror, of reproach and of cursing;…”
and Okigbo said:
“The drowsy heads of pods in barren farm lands witness it,
The homesteads abandoned in this century’s brush fire witness.
The myriad eyes of deserted corn cobs in burning barns witness
- we endure
of petulant babies’
veiled and expiring tones
for the sake of their community’s head.
air raids saturate us
with fatality and fear
their electric birds
sow death in our
farmlands and pillows
in tunnels and bunkers
we rehearse the wisdom
and the comfort of ant-holes;
air raids saturate us
with fatality and fear
and because we cannot sow tomorrow in our soil
starvation salutes us at day break.
MOUTHFULS OF FIRE[MSOffice45]
our toothless telephones
snore before the shrines of cyberspace
is blind with Methuselah tools
after swallowing Titanics of our rank and file
after roasting our farmlands and crops
after excavating our pregnancies
with polished and perfumed axe
they are not appeased...
and before clouds of fire
we are silence,
before acid rain,
we are wailing walls
before a climate of fury
we are solemn prayers
for Nero’s fanciful blade to roast.
our genes, genealogy
owe their anger a quick sunset
we ripen into
the Asaba solution*
trails us from Churches to Sand
a tribe’s throat
before the insanity of cannons
Amen was fried on our tongues...
And Monsignor Georges Rocheau, in an interview with Le Monde, on 5 April 1966 said, “There has been genocide… the region between the towns of Benin and Asaba where only widows and orphans remain, Federal troops having for unknown reasons massacred all the men.”
Frederick Forsyth endeavoured to chronicle this impossible statistics of atrocities in the civil war. At one point he said: ‘At Awka, I saw the corpses of the occupants of a refugee camp…. The men folk had had their hands tied before shooting; to judge from appearances, the women had been subjected to appalling mutilations either before or after death. The bullet broken bodies of the children lay scattered like dolls in the long grass.”
oblivion is enshrined
in cruelty’s Coat of Arms
Igbo hatred is the Lingua Franca
and every fresh king
is a shimmering apostle of exponential hate
their anger glows
their anger grows
sharpens at sunrise
because your executors
are not appeased
their revenge is aflame...
a tacky dysentery afflicts our roads
and tuberculosis takes over in harmattan,
is the Emperor of the Eastern States
a people policed
by their kings
- we drink pipe-borne water in dreams alone.
at the meandering course
are dribbled into dishwashing across the globe
and the golden boots
which sow Arsenal’s hat-trick in
the genius painting Pele’s miracle in
and laser guides the Pathfinder to Mars;
brains that beat Bill Gates
by lending supercomputers:
arteries, velocity and cerebellum
are suddenly dumb
over roosters of Service Chiefs
and lepers in monitoring our mutual shores
without one firm finger
on their switch of milk and honey
without one firm finger
on their switch of milk and honey:
a people who
export Bianca Onoh, Mary Onyali, Oyibo Odinamadu, Obiageli Nnodu, Oluchi Onweagba, Chioma Ajunwa, Nikky Gilbert Onuaguluchi & Co.; and supply Stephen Keshi, Chukwuma Igweonwu, Jay Jay Okocha, Kanu Nwankwo, Philip Emeagwali, Bartholomew Nnaji, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Kenneth Dike, Chike Obi, Chinua Achebe, Fabian Udekwu, Christopher Okigbo, Ben Obumselu, Anthony lkeme, Arthur Mbanefo, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Arthur Nwankwo, Celestine Ukwu, Osita Osadebe, Francis Ngwaba, Ben Enweonwu, Pius Okigbo, Ralph Uwazurike, Alex Ekwueme, Green Nwankwo, Joe Irukwu, Eddie Iroh, Dora Akunyili, Chuks Iloegbunam, Gregory Lekwuwa, Benard Ogbonna, Charles Chukwuma Soludo, Macauly Onuigbo, Maik Nwosu, Bona Ezeudu, Beze Adogu, Okechukwu Oko, Ike Okonta, Chidi Umeano, Obiwu, Uche Nduka, Obi Nwakanma, Basil Okeahialam....
witness their seedlings
swallowed by gutters across the globe
forced to spit upon their gods...
Your offspring are gwonjo hawkers worldwide
the genius of your folks. . . .
“the goat knows its fodder
the leopard on its trail...”
we share fatal finitude
Scarlet Macaws, Dorcas Gazelles
Siberian Tigers, Fire Finches, Tiny-
Golden Tamarinds or the latent eclipse of Oryxes...
oblivion awaits us
on the obverse of the worm-hole....
our genes, genealogy,
is extinction bound
- and they are not appeased
we owe their anger,
with swords longer than one year
and sharper than acid
horse whips and python clubs
they combed the teeth of every rock
armpits of mountains
bowels of forests
and surveilled ant-holes across the land
for Igbos to roast across the land
waves, upon waves, upon waves
trainloads, trailers, and trucks,
in wheelbarrows and body bags;
football fields and market squares
their massacre was aflame...
Igbos blossomed in graveyards
with blood and bones
Kafanchan to Fadan Karshi,
Igbos were cleansed
from rooftops and market squares
until the ocean vanished
and the sea surrendered
her last plea of moisture...
-and they are not appeased
their revenge is aflame...
the universe froze
at the ferocity of mankind
darkness ruled the hearts of men
and reconstructed graveyards
groaned from saturations afresh
in streetsful of dead Igbos
the climate was:
blood and bones
but these they labelled flies
void census and statistics
for their revenge is aflame...
with the pogrom’s switch
in automatic mode
and the 3-year war on song
my father said:
witness history’s first
colour blind marriage across the compass;
Communism and the West
in a strange and sudden tango
to pepper Igbos with
one annihilating blow...
Agrippa and Pilate’s
over the blood of Christ
and our brothers
arrived in fractions
arrived as spare parts
Gabriel Okoh, Theo Okeke, ...
Chief George Mbonu; and Mrs. Adekunle whose knife
is sacred but her teeth craves forbidden meat:
punctiliously signalled Nwandu to the assassins...
rooftops to market squares
until the ocean vanished
and the dark census awakes:
CASUALTIES DURING THE 1966 POGROM AND 1967 TO 1970 CIVIL WAR.*[MSOffice49]
Mr. Brown Agbogu of ATMN Bukuru
Mr. C.C. Nwokoye of Akwa
Mr. Nwari of Awka (All of these killed in Jos)
Mr. Nweke Ufele
Godwin Okeke of Nguru fame
Clement Nwankwo of ACB Nguru
Eric Okonkwo of Gusau
Iliemene Nweke Mene
Oji Okoye Okwubunne
Emmanuel L. Nkwocha
a grim chronicle from Enugwu—Agidi, a mere single town,
out of the several hundreds of towns and cities in
Bernard Okoye Nwune
Okonkwo Nwine (genealogy wiped)
Kutanya Okoye Igwikolo
Moses Okoye Nkili
Okeke Odigili Ama
Aghaegbune Okoye Akuakor
Nweke Okonkwo Ego
Nwanne Okoye Anagbogu
Mgboye Ifitezue (nee Igboanugo)
Afocha Nwankwo Adunma
Chukwuma Okafor Akuafor
Onyeibo Ani Modozie
Mgba Nwodu Anareñe
Nweke Nwego (and his wife)
My Paternal Grandmother
Sunday Josiah Nwandu
Chukwuma Okonkwo Uchendu
Okafor Obuah (and his wife)
Cecilia Nkwocha Nwokoye
Nechi Nkwocha Nwokoye
Iwotor of the
Onyali of the
Onuorah Okeke Nwanma
Bernard Okeke Nwanma
Albert Igboanugo (and his wife)
Nmonwuba Okoye Enemmor
Chigbata Okoye Enemmor
Chinwude Okoye Ezeudu
Moses Okoye Nmoh
Chidume Okonkwo Ego
Onuorah Okeke Egwuekwe
Onuorah Amazigwom Enweani
Nwankwo Udozo Nebeolisa
Nwamadu Ojukwu Nweneteanya
Chinwuba Okonkwo Igweonwu
Ogbonnia Richard Okonkwo
Nwora Okafor Onwanuo
Mankwocha Anameze (nee Nechi)
Benson Akabueze (and his wife)
Nwankwo Okafor Obodoaku
Nwankwo Nmo Aghogbune
(and his two wives)
Victor Okoye Akuakor
Mgboyeocha Okoye Akuakor
Paul Okonkwo Nonyelu
Agbonma Nweke Mkpaja
Obed Agwuncha Okafor
Ozo Nwobu Maneke
Nwanna Okafor Duaka
Ugonwa Nwokoye Chinweaku
Akuekwu Nwokoye Chinweaku
Nwunye Joel Udeze
Anakwuba Okeke Ama
Nwoye Okeke Ama
Michael Okafor Aru
Alice Okafor Aru
Obiageli Onuorah (nee Obunwa)
Njideka Okeke Odogwu
Anene Okonkwo Anawana
Nwafor Okonkwo Anawana
Jerome Okoye (Captain Lee)...
The Late Children of
Sampson C. Okoye
*First cousins of the poet who perished in the Biafran War.
This list however, does not include children and adolescents,
whose memories have
curiously been swallowed by Time.
- dead Igbos
were dumped in decimals:
left femurs, three-quarter trunks, cracked clavicles,
crushed girdles, limping ears, yanked genitals,
precursors of the Gideon Akaluka arrogant show
putrid and wet
mutilated bodies, babies, foetuses
which fanatical axes split
waves, upon waves, upon waves
of dead Igbos
saturated a season
but these they labelled flies
void census and statistics
for their revenge is aflame...
their revenge is aflame
and foists slavery upon us
their revenge is aflame
Ironsi, their revenge is aflame
and fake lions flee
your memorials in
but garnish the anniversary of Butchers
with Harvard tinted grammar and champagne
from your memorials across the land
for their revenge is aflame...
every blade of grass
fed the massacre
fuelled the graveyard
every face of earth
pumped profits of Igbo blood
boasted kilometres of martyrs
every cycle of slaughter
amplified their outrage
we fell in swoops and squadrons
in trucksful and trainloads
an African Gallipoli
“fanning the embers...”
- prognosis of the debacle in Hamman Gog.
Igbos perished like locusts
some buried alive
but at last
for Nero’s fanciful blade to roast.
their swords, guns, pickaxes, and python clubs
drank the blood of kings and merchandise
but they are not appeased
- their anger is aflame...
so they chase us
beyond the jugular
profaning our Ikenga and Cross
uprooting our teeth alive:
pixilated, our nativity’s Ogbu Chi
battles the pityriasis of hatred
for their revenge is aflame...
they chase us
with castration as their Coat of Arms
our regression as Constitution
subliminal slaughter punctuates our footsteps
a dirge escorts our toil in every sphere
and now that the first pilots
are dishwashers across the globe
and without one firm finger
on their switch of milk and honey
this bearded cruelty blossoms
because they are not appeased...
our oblivion is their goal
their anger glows
their anger grows
sharpens at sunrise
Major General J. T. U. Aguiyi Ironsi
their revenge is aflame....
- by Obu Udeozo.
[MSOffice1]Military Atrocities 30th October 1968 Major General Henry T Alexander of Great Britain talking to a Nigerian soldier during the observers investigations in Nigeria into the Biafran charges of genocide during the war.
[MSOffice3]Biafran soldiers at river bank.
[MSOffice4]A Biafran child at a Catholic feeding center, east of Oguta.
[MSOffice5]A Biafran child at a Catholic feeding center, east of Oguta.
[MSOffice6]A Biafran refugee at a Catholic feeding center, east of Oguta.
[MSOffice8]The Biafran Flag
[MSOffice9]Emeagwali was 12 years old
when the 30-month Nigerian-Biafran war started in June 1967. Because 50,000
Igbo civilians were killed, his parents withdrew him from
Emeagwali (far left, sitting in front row) at
[MSOffice10]Bianca Odumegwu Ojukwu, Philip Emeagwali and Dale Emeagwali
[MSOffice11]Joan Baez And Jimi Hendrix Chatting
Folk singer Joan Baez and rock singer Jimi Hendrix chat between acts at a Biafran Relief Benefit show at a place in Manhattan called Steve Paul's Scene. Both Miss Baez and Hendrix performed free of charge and Hendrix contributed $500 cash to the fund. The benefit was to raise food and money for refugees of the Biafra-Nigeria Civil War. © Bettmann/CORBIS Date Photographed:
[MSOffice12]An artist's rendition of the genocidal killings of civilians in African wars
[MSOffice13]Nigerian Boy Squats; Crowd @ Unicef Truck
[MSOffice14]Women & Children Get Food At Refugee
EMEAGWALI's NOTE: While living at
[MSOffice16]Biafrans Running For Military Training
[MSOffice17]Ibo Tribesman Inspecting Rifle
Original Caption: An Ibo tribesman inspects a rifle during young soldiers' training at the camp at Owerri. After their initial training, the soldiers go to join the front line forces in
[MSOffice18]Biafran Soldier with Rifle
Original Caption: The gun the soldier is holding is described as as Communist AK-47 rifle. Sources at the
[MSOffice19]Starving Biafran Woman Lying On Mat
EMEAGWALI's PERSONAL NOTE: My father was the refugee camp nurse at
Many refugees died from Kwashiorkor and were unceremoniously buried at the camp backyard. The refugees in our camp were those that fled the Asaba massacres.
War Stories: A Memoir of Nigeria and
began as a diary kept by John Sherman when he lived in
shows Sherman's evolution from being pro-Biafran (he had attempted to return to
Biafra, but was unable to get there, so he joined the Red Cross on the Nigerian
side of the civil war) to someone who saw the good and evil on both sides and
who quickly understood the futility of all war, particularly the one he became
so personally involved in.
From the Author
This is, unfortunately, a timely book. Sadly, a book about war and the futility of war is always a timely topic. Although the story I tell took place 35 and more years ago, I am confident that readers too young to remember the events will, nonetheless, benefit from the story and learn a piece of history that, at the time, held the world's attention. Those who do remember can relate to the tragedy described in the book. Being a memoir, it is a highly personal view of a broader situation, but readers of the book who were not aware of the events described have found it compelling.
[MSOffice22]Wole Soyinka was imprisoned during the Nigerian-Biafran Civil War.
The man died: prison notes of Wole Soyinka by Wole Soyinka
This is the story of Soyinka's 27 month period of imprisonment at the hands of the Nigerian government. Unlike, say, Nelson Mandela's autobiography, which generally casts a similar subject in its wider political and social contexts, this is fundamentally a personal account, painfully private at times. Essentially, Soyinka found refuge from the brutality inflicted upon him by retreating into and living within his own mind. At times he drifted about the frontiers of madness, hanging on to his self by a thread. At others he pondered, listened, watched, like only the truly otherwise unoccupied can. And, importantly, he also managed to scrounge paper and a pencil from time to time and record his journey of motionlessness. For those interested in the human mind, this is a rewarding book, and I highly recommend it.
[MSOffice23]Federal Troops Watched By Biafrans
Villagers watch a group of Nigerian federal troops in a Biafran town.
[MSOffice24]Malnourished Nigerian Child
[MSOffice25]Mother with Starved Child
Original Caption: Nigerian mother and child with their empty food bowl. © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS Photographer: Dempster Date Photographed
[MSOffice26]Refugee Child W/Bowl At Food Dist. Ctr.
EMEAGWALI'S PERSONAL NOTE: On about this day
[MSOffice27]Yakubu Gowon Holding Press Conference
Original caption: Nigerian Federal Leader Major General Yakubu Gowon (wearing peak cap with red band) addresses a press conference in
[MSOffice28]Customers Observing Yams at
[MSOffice29]Village 5-8 km north of Umuahia. The village was bombed in October 1968 by the Nigerian airforce-2
[MSOffice30]Children in a village 5-8 km north of Umuahia. The village was bombed in October 1968 by the Nigerian airforce
[MSOffice31]Medical clinic in Mabaitoti - Owerri.jpg
[MSOffice32]Medical clinic in Mabaitoti - Owerri-2
[MSOffice33]Emeagwali and his family were part of this crowd
that fled from heavy artillery attacks and a few hours before the Nigerian army
captured Awka. [Photo: The Fall of Awka,
[MSOffice34]Medical clinic in Mabaitoti - Owerri-3.jpg
[MSOffice35]Police officer at Ubulu near Uli airport.jpg
[MSOffice40]Village 5-8 km north of Umuahia. The village was bombed in October 1968 by the Nigerian airforce.jpg
Adekunle shooting “at everyting that
[MSOffice42]Benjamin Adekunle, a.k.a. "Black Scorpion," addressing his 3rd Marine Commando Division
[MSOffice43]Politics Civil War
[MSOffice45]By Obu Udeozo
[MSOffice46]Village 5-8 km north of Umuahia. The village was bombed in October 1968 by the Nigerian airforce-2.jpg
[MSOffice47]By Obu Udeozo
[MSOffice48]Egyptian pilots flew Soviet Jets that blasted
several homes in Emeagwali’s neighborhood. [Photo: Nigerian bombing raid,
[MSOffice49]By Obu Udeozo
[MSOffice50]Egyptian pilots flew Soviet Jets that blasted
several homes in Emeagwali’s neighborhood. [Photo: A searching for her daughter after a Nigerian
bombing raid, Life Magazine,